The union of the human and divine natures, and the fulness of the spirit that is in him, resemble the root of the vine made fruitful by the moisture from a rich soil. For john, the basics of christianity are summarized by adherence to the truth verse 4, love verse 5, and obedience verse 6. Yet only onethe gospel of john claims to be an eyewitness account, the testimony of the unnamed disciple whom jesus loved. Verses 2627 god had given the authority to jesus to judge all people. Johns gospel free bible commentary in easy english. Discovery of certain papyrus fragments dated around ad 5 require the gospel of john to have been written, copied, and circulated before then. Written by a christian named john, the contents of the book indicate quite clearly that the author was not the john who was one of the twelve disciples of jesus, for it contains no direct personal references of the type that one would expect from an intimate.
A similar project is ongoing in the synoptic gospels. There have been various conjectures over the years that another disciple of christ named john. Ultimately, john lived to old age where he wrote revelations on the island of patmos where he was exiled. As we go through these 3 letters of john, notice the closeness he had with jesus that made him even more aware of the person of jesus. You can find the best commentary on john for you using the tools on the right side. He purges the temple at the feast of the passover, john 2. The author is the apostle john, the disciple whom jesus loved. He was prominent in the early church but is not mentioned by name in this gospel which would be natural if he wrote it, but hard to explain otherwise. In the book of daniel, there is a description of someone like a son of man daniel 7. Scholars writing gospel of john commentary often grapple with the question. The tradition from the earliest days of the church states that the author was the apostle john. The gospel of john was written to prove that jesus christ is the son of god. Observations on this first portion of the book, which is one long sentence in the original manuscript.
This is the disciple who is testifying to these things and wrote these things, and we know that his testimony is true john 21. The author describes himself in 2 john 1 as the elder, which conveys the advanced age of the apostle, his authority, and status during the foundational period of christianity when he was involved with jesus ministry. In fact, there are some striking parallels between revelation and john s other works. In answer he refers to his own death and resurrection, john 2. Newest additions spring, 2020 these verse by verse comments are works in process so chapters will be in varying stages of construction. Watch our overview video on the gospel of john, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. With over 30,000 ancient sources, including jewish, greek and christian, the reader will no doubt come understand the hermeneutics of the gospel of john after reading this scholarly commentary. The little book is the prophecy of my children of fatima and of garabandal. This is a remarkably useful commentary on john for exegetical details. This stay was interrupted though by his exile on the island of patmos revelation 1. The evangelist john rests one hand on his gospel book, in this 83inchtall marble sculpture carved by donatello in about 1415 for a niche in the facade of the cathedral of florence.
John commentary select verses compiled by bruce hurt, md. The precise date of the epistle cannot be determined. In john, jesus becomes human as the incarnation of the creator god of. He told us that this god was physically manifested, and that he and others could testify to this as eyewitnesses.
An extensive commentary on john with a predominantly conservative tone the unique thing about this book is the correlation of the text within the historical setting, particularly the classic greek and roman world as well as the hebrew one. He shows us that jesus, though fully god, came in the flesh to distinctly and accurately reveal god, and that christ is the source of eternal life to all who believe in him. John was a very close disciple and friend to jesus and followed him closely. As an eyewitness to the love and power displayed in the miracles of jesus, john gives us an upclose and personal look at christs identity. Keepers depth of knowledge of the ancient sources is staggering. The gospel of john is the fourth of the canonical gospels. Carson states in the introduction that he does not intend to interact with all of the scholarship on john, but rather a small representative part of the massive secondary literature on john. This book also added a lot of value and discussion to our small group study. Toward the end, the author states that the purpose is to show that jesus is the messiah, the son of god. The gospel of john is the latestwritten of the four biographies of jesus that have been preserved in the new testament.
John began with the beginning the eternal god, who was before all things. The gospel of john is probably the book that has been written last of all the books. Only john s gospel and revelation refer to jesus christ as the word 19. The book of revelation explained takes you on a easy to understand and eyeopening journey through the book of revelation. After that john moved to minor asia ephesus where he is likely to have stayed till his death at a very old age around the year 100 ad. John 21 simon peter and six other disciples go fishing 1 someone calls to them. From the book dictated by the angels to marjorie sampair. This was because jesus was the son of man see also john 1.
It most likely reflects a johannine community in conflict with the jewish community, but its reconstruction, and therefore the social, religious and historical context of the gospel, has presented scholars with considerable difficulties. Commentary on the book of gospel of john by matthew henry. Not only are christians to adhere to the fundamentals of the faith. John with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. Christ and him crucified, and the redemption wrought out by him, with all the precious benefits of redemption. Since it was known to the church father irenaeus, it must have been written before around 180 ce. Book of revelation explained scripture by scripture. The secret book of john, also called the apocryphon of john or the secret revelation of john, is a secondcentury sethian gnostic christian text of secret teachings. John 1 niv bible in the beginning was the word, and. Notes 1 the book is written anonymously, although it identifies an unnamed disciple whom jesus loved as the source of its traditions, and reached its final form around ad 90110. Along with peter, john was the first to know about the resurrection of jesus because mary magdalene told them. The main theme in the bible book of john is to prove conclusively that jesus is the son of god and that all who believe in him will have eternal life. The book of john series scott huckaby is developing a bible study series that will be a versebyverse exposition of the book of john. The book of 2 john does not directly name its author.
The gospel of john is the only gospel that explicitly mentions why it was written. The gospel of john is probably the book that has been written last of all the books of the bible. The goal is to work through the gospel of john verse by verse. The miracle at cana in galilee, where our lord changed water into wine, john 2.132 1539 267 1213 181 441 1440 1398 1099 737 832 1375 469 1564 1501 11 25 822 1244 353 291 923 147 1265 1213 412 656 1653 478 554 373 856 231 974 861 601 1319 116 174 971 401 1060 145 496 795 1325 859